The number one reason why Windows crashes is hardware conflict. Each hardware device communicates to other devices through an interrupt request channel (IRQ). These are supposed to be unique for each device.
If there are a lot of devices, or if they are not installed properly, two of them may end up sharing the same IRQ number. When the user tries to use both devices at the same time, a crash can happen. The way to check if your computer has a hardware conflict is through the following route:
But a fatal error caused by Ram might be caused by a mismatch of chips. For example, mixing 70-nanosecond (70ns) Ram with 60ns Ram will usually force the computer to run all the Ram at the slower speed. This will often crash the machine if the Ram is overworked.
One way around this problem is to enter the BIOS settings and increase the wait state of the Ram. This can make it more stable. Another way to troubleshoot a suspected Ram problem is to rearrange the Ram chips on the motherboard, or take some of them out. Then try to repeat the circumstances that caused the crash. When handling Ram try not to touch the gold connections, as they can be easily damaged.
Hard disks will slow down and crash if they are too full. Do some housekeeping on your hard drive every few months and free some space on it. Open the Windows folder on the C drive and find the Temporary Internet Files folder. Deleting the contents (not the folder) can free a lot of space.
If the printer is trying to print unusual characters, these might not be recognised, and can crash the computer. Sometimes printers will not recover from a crash because of confusion in the buffer. A good way to clear the buffer is to unplug the printer for ten seconds. Booting up from a powerless state, also called a cold boot, will restore the printer's default settings and you may be able to carry on.
A common cause of computer crash is faulty or badly-installed software. Often the problem can be cured by uninstalling the software and then reinstalling it. Use Norton Uninstall or Uninstall Shield to remove an application from your system properly. This will also remove references to the programme in the System Registry and leaves the way clear for a completely fresh copy.
Windows crashes---whether they come as a blue screen of death or totally locked-up system---are extremely frustrating. Not only do you lose the work you had open, but troubleshooting the reason that Windows crashed can be difficult.
Because your computer keeps important data in RAM, issues with your memory can cause Windows to crash. Error names like Fatal Exception Error usually pop up when Windows tries to retrieve data from memory but can't do so properly. If this keeps happening, your RAM may be failing.
You can use a free tool like MemTest86 to see if there are problems with your RAM. It's also worth making sure that your RAM sticks are seated properly in their slots. Note while insufficient RAM can cause your system to grind to a halt, it usually won't cause Windows to crash.
If the storage drive (whether a hard drive or solid state drive) in your computer is going bad, you may experience Windows crashes. This might manifest itself through crashes that only happen when you try to open specific files, which indicates that a certain section of the drive is dying.
For an older HDD, a clicking sound is another telltale sign of a failing drive. Because Windows needs to access files across your storage disk to run properly, it can crash if the disk can't read those files. If this sounds like your problem, find out what to do about a dying hard drive---certainly back up your data as soon as possible!
Too much heat causes major problems for the sensitive components inside your computer. A system that runs too hot for a long period of time might become permanently damaged. To combat this, your computer will often shut itself down when it gets too hot, usually resulting in a Windows crash.
Malicious software, including viruses, Trojans, and other unwanted junk, can wreak havoc on your system. While troubleshooting Windows 10 crashes, it makes sense to run an anti-malware scan to rule out any foul play.
Scanning with the built-in Windows Defender is a good first option. For a second opinion, we recommend installing the free version of Malwarebytes and running a scan. If you find any malware, hopefully the crashes will subside after removing the infection.
Some Registry misconfigurations are minor, but others can completely crash Windows. This is why we recommend avoiding Registry cleaners, as they most often cause more harm than good. And if you ever read a guide that recommends changing a Registry value, be careful that you don't change anything else while inside.
Most software errors don't bring about a Windows crash; they only affect the app in question. However, sometimes particularly bad software crashes can lock up the entire system. If Windows crashes when you open a certain app, you should try reinstalling the software to see if it fixes the problem.
If your computer's power supply is damaged, the flow of power might fluctuate or become too weak. This can, of course, cause your computer to crash. Replacing the power supply is the best way to troubleshooting this.
Another power-related issue is the setup in your home. An overloaded circuit, faulty wiring, or having your computer plugged into a bad power strip can all cause crashes due to power issues. To test this, try moving your machine to another room and see if the problem persists.
We've assumed that you're troubleshooting Windows 10 crashes above. However, if you're running an older version of Windows, that may contribute to your problem. Windows 7 and older are no longer officially supported by Microsoft, meaning they don't receive updates for security and stability any longer.
Speaking of this, for best results on Windows 10, you should make sure to install Windows updates, which can often fix stability problems that lead to crashes. However, sometimes installing the latest major update for Windows 10 right away can lead to instability on its own.
We've looked at what causes Windows 10 to crash most often. As you've seen, a lot of them are related to hardware, whether it's an incompatible driver, failing component, or too much heat. It's often difficult to diagnose these issues, but by checking them against these causes, you can hopefully nail down your problem.
Preventing your desktop computer or laptop from crashing due to heat means keeping it dust-free. If you have pets, you should also be aware of the risks from animal hair. Both can clog up airflow (and fans) on your computer, and without a supply of cool air flowing through it, the PC will eventually crash.
Working out what the problem is can be tricky and is often a process of elimination. Start with the hardware you added most recently, and remove it from the equation until you have a computer that no longer randomly crashes.
This is related to the point above, but it can happen even without running a discrete GPU. If the total power required by your disk drives, CPU, and other hardware is more than that provided by the power supply unit (PSU), the computer will crash.
What causes a computer to crash? Computers crash for a variety of reasons. Random computer crashes are both frustrating and difficult for an average user to diagnose, but underneath the surface of a computer crash are five likely culprits examined below.
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As for game crashes due to bad drivers, look into your sound or graphics card driver, as these two devices run the audio-visual environment you see within your games.
A Windows 10 bug first discovered by security researcher Walied Assar, and later publicly disclosed by security researcher Jonas Lykkegaard, causes Windows 10 to crash and display a BSOD when a special path is entered into the Chrome address bar.
Lykkegaard told BleepingComputer that he discovered the following Win32 device namespace path for the 'console multiplexer driver' that he believes is used for 'kernel / usermode ipc.' When opening the path in various ways, even from low-privileged users, it would cause Windows 10 to crash.
Lykkegaard discovered if you try to connect to the path without passing the attribute due to improper error checking, it will cause an exception that causes a Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) crash in Windows 10.
Lykkegaard shared with BleepingComputer a Windows URL file (.url) with a setting pointing to \\.\globalroot\device\condrv\kernelconnect. When the file is downloaded, Windows 10 would try to render the URL file's icon from the problematic path and automatically crash Windows 10.
If they have admin credentials, they could remotely execute a command that accesses this path on all of the Windows 10 devices on a network to cause them to crash. The havoc caused on the network could delay investigations or prevent administrative controls from detecting an attack on a particular computer.
Computer keeps crashing are quite annoying to all the users, especially when you are playing games or dealing with important work on your PC or laptop. When the computer crashes, mostly, it shows a blue screen of death, the system cannot be started, the screen freezes with no response, the mouse and keyboard cannot input, and the software operation is abnormally interrupted.
Solutions to computer keep crashing issue can be divided into two categories: hardware-related fixes and software-related methods. Try the ten fixes below to fix computer crashes caused by hardware or software problems.
The motherboard, CPU overheating, and poor heat dissipation will cause a crash. The monitor, power supply, and CPU generate a lot of heat during work, so it is very important to maintain good ventilation. If the monitor is overheated, it will cause color and image distortion and even shorten the life of the monitor. 2b1af7f3a8